How Are Period Costs And Product Costs Different?

Indirect labor consists of the cost of labor that cannot, or will not for practical reasons, be traced to the products being manufactured. Period cost is the expense as incurred; basically, the period cost is the all cost that is not product costs. The cost incurred on the headquarters parts of the operation such as all of the selling expenses, general and administrative costs this will be categorized as a period cost.

Product cost is evaluated based on the volume because throughout the production product unit price will be the same only volume of it will change. However, the Period cost is based on time, expenditures identified more with a time period than with finished product costs. Business often segregates these costs based on fixed, variable, direct, or indirect. Each company should ponder upon the various expenses they incur over the period, making the business more self-reliant and cost-efficient. Example Of The Period CostSelling expenses, advertisement expenses, administrative expenses, rent, commissions are some of the period cost expenses. Such expenses cannot be capitalized into assets and occur over a duration of time.

Period Costs

As with selling costs, all organizations have administrative costs. Now that we have all of these product costs, we need to classify them further. Product, or manufacturing costs, can be classified into direct materials , direct labor , and manufacturing overhead . Next, one needs to select the period costs out of these expenses.

The simple difference between the two is that Product Cost is a part of Cost of Production because it can be attributable to the products. On the other hand Period, the cost is not a part of the manufacturing process, and that is why the cost cannot be assigned to the products. According to the Matching Principle, all expenses are matched with the revenue of a particular period. So, if the revenues are recognised for an accounting period, then the expenses are also taken into consideration irrespective of the actual movement of cash. By virtue of this concept, period costs are also recorded and reported as actual expenses for the financial year.

Definition of Product Cost

Period costs are reported on the income statement as expenses in the period in which they were incurred. Period costs recur monthly and thus are not a part of the cost of goods sold. Due to this, they are recorded as underselling and administrative expenses below the business’s gross profit. Product Cost is based on volume because they remain same in the unit price, but differ in the total value. Period costs are sometimes broken out into additional subcategories for selling activities and administrative activities.

How Are Period Costs And Product Costs Different?

Product cost comprises of all the manufacturing and production costs, but Period Cost considers all the non-manufacturing costs like marketing, selling, and distribution, etc. Based on the association with the product, cost can be classified as product cost and period cost. Product Cost is the cost that is attributable to the product, i.e. the cost which is traceable to the product and is a part of inventory values. On the contrary, Period Cost is just opposite to product cost, as they are not related to production, they cannot be apportioned to the product, as it is charged to the period in which they arise. Product costs are sometimes broken out into the variable and fixed subcategories.

Product Cost

Learn the difference between these two types of costs and why each is important. Indirect materials are part of overhead, which we will discuss below. Company management needs to know the total costs so it can price goods high enough to cover these costs and still make a normal profit. Inventoriable product costs, which are sometimes just called product costs, are only the costs incurred during the production stage of the value chain. Inventoriable product costs are required to be used for the cost of the assets, that is inventory, rather than total product costs.

What is the difference between product cost and period cost quizlet?

Product costs are also called inventoriable costs. Period costs are all costs that are not product costs. Period costs are not included as part of the cost of either purchased or manufactured goods; instead, period costs are expensed on the income statement in the period in which they are incurred.

The costs of delivery and storage of finished goods are selling costs because they are incurred after production has been completed. Therefore, the costs of storing materials are part of manufacturing overhead, whereas the costs of storing finished goods are a part of selling costs. Remember that retailers, wholesalers, manufacturers, and service organizations all have selling costs.

Definition of Period Cost

We stated that once a product has gone through the production process and is considered finished, no more product related costs can be added. We now know that those product costs are direct materials, direct labor and overhead. Therefore, once a product has been produced, we cannot add more cost. Distribution happens after the product is manufactured, How Are Period Costs And Product Costs Different? so it cannot be a product cost. It is considered a selling cost because I cannot complete the sale of the product if I cannot get it to the customer. As shown in the income statement above, salaries and benefits, rent and overhead, depreciation and amortization, and interest are all period costs that are expensed in the period incurred.

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  • The differences between the standard amount of cost and the actual amount that the organization incurs is referred to as a variance.
  • The most common of these costs are direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
  • These expenses have no relation to the inventory or production process but are incurred on a regular basis, regardless of the level of production.
  • Product costs are costs necessary to manufacture a product, while period costs are non-manufacturing costs that are expensed within an accounting period.
  • Variable CostFixed CostAre these costs included in inventory valuation?